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Vasaka is a unique herb that helps support the bronchial function with broncho-dilatory, expectorant and mucolytic properties. It normalizes lung function. Vasaka contains Vasicine and Vasicinone that liquefy sputum in tenacious cough and helps avert frequent attacks of cough.

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Vasaka is a modern herb preparation which is taken in treatment of productive cough, bronchitis and bronchial asthma. Vasicine and Vasicinone are 2 major active compound found in Vasaka, which possess bronchodilatory activity and inhibit allergen – induced bronchial obstruction.

Vasaka exhibits antitussive activity, which may be due to the action of vasicinone and vasicinol, which have activity in the cerebral medulla by active as codeine.

Vasaka contains the pyrroquinazoline alkaloids, including vasicine, vasicol and vasinone along with other minor constituents. Vasicine and vasinone are the major bioactive constituents of Vasaka which have bronchodilatory and antitussive properties. The alkaloids present in the plant show significant protection against allergen-induced bronchial obstruction.

Vasaka's main ingredient is: Extract of Malabar Nut.


Vasaka is available in capsules which are taken by mouth.

It is recommended to take 1 Vasaka capsule twice a day after meals.


If you overdose Vasaka and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Keep this medicine in the original bottle. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Vasaka are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Vasaka if you are allergic to Vasaka components.

Do not use Vasaka if you are pregnant or breast-feeding.

Do not use Vasaka in children below 14 years old.

Tulsi has a very high safety margin with exceptionally low toxicity, providing general beneficial effects without adverse reactions or other undesirable side effects.

Always give your health care provider a list of all the medicines, herbs, non-prescription drugs, or dietary supplements you use.

vasaka cough syrup

The current ethnomedicinal field study was conducted from various traditional communities of Pakistan to document usage of medicinal plants as herbal drinks. Data was collected through field interviews from local people and using semi-structured questionnaires. Data was analyzed using quantitative indices such as UV (use value), RFC (Relative frequency of citation), and FL (Fidelity level).

vasaka dosage

The interpretation of the level of strontium (Sr) in blood has been demonstrated to be useful in the diagnosis of death by drowning occurred in sea water, but its use in fresh water drownings is not so evident because of the low Sr concentration present in most of fresh water media. In this paper, we show a survey of the results obtained in the casework analysis of Sr in ventricular blood used in the diagnosis of drowning in 144 bodies found immersed in fresh water over a period of 10 years. Thirty-two percent of the immersion cases examined could be diagnosed as drownings with a reasonable degree of confidence. It is thought that this percentage of positive diagnoses could be largely improved in the case of blood samples taken a few hours after death.

vasaka review

Les urgences humanitaires entraînent une rupture des services de soins de santé essentiels et elles rendent souvent les communautés vulnérables dépendantes des organismes externes pour leurs soins. Dans les milieux où les ressources sont comptées, cela peut se produire sur fond d'extrême pauvreté, de malnutrition, d’insécurité, de faible niveau d'alphabétisation et d’infrastructures insuffisantes. Dans ces circonstances, fournir nourriture, eau et abri, tout en limitant les épidémies de maladies transmissibles, devient une préoccupation centrale. Lorsqu'il existe des vaccins sûrs et efficaces pour limiter les risques d'épidémies, leur éventuel déploiement est un facteur clé pour satisfaire les besoins sanitaires d'urgence. Les considérations éthiques sont essentielles pour se prononcer sur le déploiement de la vaccination. La distribution de vaccins en quantités limitées, les groupes cibles, les stratégies de vaccination, la surveillance et la recherche lors de situations d'urgence humanitaire graves impliquent tous des considérations éthiques souvent nées de la tension entre le bien individuel et le bien commun. Les auteurs exposent les questions éthiques que les décideurs doivent garder à l'esprit lorsqu'ils envisagent le déploiement d’une vaccination de masse pendant les urgences humanitaires, notamment la bénéficience (devoir de diligence et devoir d’assistance), la non-maléficience, l’autonomie et le consentement, ainsi que la justice de répartition et l’équité procédurale.

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A delayed functional improvement due to stem cell implantation has been documented by electrophysiology, fMRI and behavioral testing. This functional improvement occurred without cells acting as a tissue replacement for the necrotic tissue after the ischemic event. Combination of disappearance of grafted cells after six months on histological sections with persistent functional recovery was interpreted as paracrine effects by the grafted stem cells being the dominant mechanism of cell activity underlying the observed functional restitution of the original activation sites. Future studies will have to investigate whether the stem cell mediated improvement reactivates the original representation target field by using original connectivity pathways or by generating/activating new ones for the stimulus.

vasaka herbal medicine

Sexual assault cases have varying factors that may mask semen findings when analysing evidence at the forensic laboratory. Semenogelin (Sg) is a potential marker for the identification of semen even at azoospermy or when few sperm cells are found. The current study examined Sg in normospermic and azoospermic donors as an internal evaluation of sensitivity, specificity and interference. The impact of a historical review of 53 judicial sexual assault cases over a five-year period was also analysed. The use of varying tests was of importance to prioritize certain samples within cases. Semen findings by Sg were then compared to prostate-specific antigen (PSA), phosphatase enzyme (AP) and Y-chromosome presence, the latter being used in an attempt to link semen fluid identification with obtaining a male DNA profile. Test findings were the highest ever registered for Sg (1:400,000), PSA (1:800,000), AP (1:25,000) and sperm cytology (SC) (1:50,000). Our results demonstrated the usefulness of using the Sg marker to avoid a false semen-negative result (6% cases), particularly in cases where sperm was absent or scarce (11% spermatozoa positive cases). Results were expressed in categories according to the set: Sg-PSA-AP. Thus, categories I (full positive, 46%), VI (full negative, 27%) and III (Sg/PSA positive; 11%) were the most frequent and Y-chromosome was obtained in 59%, 12% and 12% ratios, respectively. In conclusion, Sg was recommended for the workflow procedure of semen investigation when sperm absence is expected either from azoospermic/oligospermic or normospermic semen, especially before/after ejaculation.

vasaka tablets

Justicia hypocrateriformis Vahl (Acanthaceae) is used as an herbal remedy for diarrhea in Cameroon folk medicine.

himalaya vasaka online

We used sequence data from the intron and spacer of the trnL-trnF chloroplast region to study phylogenetic relationships among Acanthaceae. This region is more variable than other chloroplast loci that have been sequenced for members of Acanthaceae (rbcL and ndhF), is more prone to length mutations, and is less homoplasious than these genes. Our results indicate that this region is likely to be useful in addressing phylogenetic questions among but not within genera in these and related plants. In terms of phylogenetic relationships, Elytraria (representing Nelsonioideae) is more distantly related to Acanthaceae sensu stricto (s.s.) than Thunbergia and Mendoncia. These last two genera are strongly supported as sister taxa. Molecular evidence does not support monophyly of Acanthaceae s.s., although there is strong morphological evidence for this relationship. There is strong support for monophyly of four major lineages within Acanthaceae s.s.: the Acanthus, Barleria, Ruellia, and Justicia lineages as here defined. The last three of these comprise a strongly supported monophyletic group, and there is weaker evidence linking the Ruellia and Justicia lineages as closest relatives. Within the Acanthus lineage, our results confirm the existence of monophyletic lineages representing Aphelandreae and Acantheae. Lastly, within the Justicia lineage, we develop initial hypotheses regarding the definition of sublineages; some of these correspond to earlier ideas, whereas others do not. All of these hypotheses need to be tested against more data.

himalaya vasaka review

To correlate the presence of viral co-infection with clinical phenotype in children admitted with acute respiratory infections (ARI).

vasaka ayurvedic medicine

Ethnomedicines are used by hunters for themselves and their hunting dogs in Trinidad. Plants are used for snakebites, scorpion stings, for injuries and mange of dogs and to facilitate hunting success.

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To generate normative data on the Modified Card Sorting Test (M-WCST) across 11 countries in Latin America, with country-specific adjustments for gender, age, and education, where appropriate.

vasaka syrup

The concept of brain death is still controversial. The Chilean case, as a result of a future transplantation law, seem to demonstrate this issue. The aim of this work is to contribute to the debate. A recent international polemic between metaphysic and pragmatic authors is approached, to establish bases to reject or accept the issue, after giving a brief history of the concept, from its medical origin to its transcendence to other areas as the law. The metaphysical rejection and the socio-cultural frame of the medical attitude that accepts brain death, are commented. It is concluded that the best defense of metaphysical point of view is the right to exclusion of minorities. Finally, brain death is criticized from a socio-cultural point of view of medical acts as a post-metaphysical concept of "useful death" and because of its relationship with "health production".

himalaya vasaka capsules

A method was developed for simultaneous characterization of flavonoids and their glycosides using high-pressure liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (HPLC/ESI-QTOF-MS/MS). The chromatographic separation was carried on an Agilent Poroshell 120 EC-C18 column (4.6 × 150 mm, 2.7 µm) operated with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution and methanol as the mobile phase.

vasaka capsule

We have observed, in several studies, high rates of psychiatric disorders and traumatic childhood experiences in people who are deprived of their freedom in prison institutions. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of different types of adverse childhood experiences and the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in patient-internal male in a prison psychiatric institution.

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An analysis was performed on 6 cross-sectional data studies in two sentinel populations of young people from the period 2007-2014. Behavioural indicators were recorded and urine specimens were collected for analysis by PCR. The prevalence and trends are described, and the variables associated with infection were evaluated using multivariate logistic regression analysis.

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To compare the tolerability of different clustered schedules in subcutaneous immunotherapy with standardized allergen extracts administered and to identify factors associated with increased risk of systemic reactions (SRs).

vasaka drug

Justicia wynaadensis locally known as Moddu Soppu belongs to the family Acanthaceae. The aqueous bluish purple color extracted from the leaves and stems of Justicia is used in the preparation of a sweet dish by the natives of Kodagu district, Karanataka, India, exclusively during the monsoons. This traditional practice is believed to keep the people healthy throughout the year. Owing to its potential to be used as a natural colorant there is a strong need to develop efficient extraction method for maximum yield of colorant and preliminary scientific study of stability. Microscopy was carried out to find out the location of purple color in both leaves and stem and to study the anatomical details. An optimized microwave extraction method for extraction of colorant from Justicia has been developed. The microwave oven extraction yield of colorant is 9.41 % (±0.8598) under the optimized conditions of extraction time 30 min., extraction temperature 150 °C and ratio of liquid to solid 30 ml/g. The study demonstrated that the purple extract of the plant was stable against pH range 6.0-8.0, low temperature (4 °C), high temperature (≥50 °C) and sensitive to light. Thus these observations recommend the use of J. wynaadensis extract as a food colorant in neutral or slightly alkaline products (bakery, milk, egg etc.) and could be the potential source for the food colorant market.

vasaka cough syrup

Different doses of aqueous extracts from the leaves of Aloe buettneri, Justicia insularis, Hibiscus macranthus and Dicliptera verticillata, locally used to regulate the menstrual cycle and to treat dysmenorrhea or infertility in women, were given daily to 22 day old rats for 5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 days by gastric intubation. At the end of each experimental period, the weights of ovaries and uteri, levels of uterine and ovarian proteins, ovarian cholesterol and serum oestradiol were evaluated. The results showed a decrease in growth rate of animals treated with 94 mg/kg per day at the end of the experimental period. The ovarian and uterine weights were high in all treated groups especially within the pubertal period (36-41 days old) when compared to the respective controls. During the same period, the parameters analysed showed significant differences in treated rats when compared to the controls. This was seen with ovarian and uterine protein levels, as well as with serum oestradiol whose level was especially high in the groups given 49 or 94 mg/kg per day of the plant extracts (52 and 42%, respectively when compared with the respective controls). A concomitant decrease in ovarian cholesterol was observed in the same treated groups. These results suggested a possible presence of oestrogenic compounds in the plant extracts.

vasaka dosage

This work studied the antinociceptive, antiinflammatory and bronchodilator activities of hydroalcoholic extracts (HAEs) from Torresea cearensis, Justicia pectoralis, Eclipta alba, Pterodon polygaliflorus and Hybanthus ipecacuanha. These plants are largely used in north-eastern Brazil for respiratory tract diseases, and have in common coumarin, one of their active principles. The antinociceptive effects of all HAEs in mice were similar, and the inhibition of the acetic acid-induced writhing was 35-55% with 200 mg/kg, p.o. At this dose, the effect ranged from 41-77% with the formalin test in mice, and all the HAEs inhibited preferentially the 2nd phase of the response. In one case (P. polygaliflorus), the effect was partially reversed by naloxone. Except for the HAE from T. cearensis (200 mg/kg, p.o.) which inhibited carrageenan-induced edema by 47%, the others presented no effect orally but showed a significant activity intraperitoneally. On the other hand, T. cearensis was not active in the dextran model, while inhibitions with the other ones were lower than 30%. The bronchodilator activities of J. pectoralis and P. polygaliflorus HAEs as determined in isolated guinea-pig trachea were the most active.

vasaka review

The aim of the survey was to document medicinal plants used in malaria treatment by Prometra (Promocion de la medicina tradicional amazonica) Traditional Medical Practitioners (TMPs) of Uganda and for search of new antiplasmodial herbal medicines (HMs) for further phytochemical analysis.

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From these three plants, S. gratum had the highest contents of phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity. All of them found to contain compound(s) with cytotoxicity in vitro on cancer cells but not on normal cell lines as resolved in tissue culture and ultrastructural analysis. This is the first report to show the effect on cellular alteration as apoptosis of an ethyl acetate extract of S. gratum and J. gangetica. Further studies are now focused on individual isolates and their function, prioritizing on S. gratum and J. gangetica for the development of novel therapeutics and combatants against cancer.

vasaka herbal medicine

We analyzed 238 unrelated Mestizo (admixed) individuals from the West region of Mexico with the PowerPlex® Fusion System (Promega Corp.). Allele frequencies and forensic parameters were estimated for the 23 STRs included in this kit. Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium by locus and non-association between pair of loci were demonstrated by exact tests in this population. The combined PE and PD offered by this HID kit were ≥0.9999999986, representing a substantial improvement with respect to those previously offered by 15 STR systems. Interpopulation comparison by AMOVA tests demonstrated low but significant differences among Mexican Mestizos from West, Center, and Northeast regions (Fst = 0.01558; p = 0.0000), similar to the observed among three main ethnic groups from USA (Fst = 0.02048; p = 0.0000). This finding is consistent with the contrary clines of European and Amerindian ancestries described throughout the Mexican territory for Mestizos, the largest population (~90 %) in this country.

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The endophytes of medicinal plants, such as Justicia adhatoda L., represent a promising and largely underexplored domain that is considered as a repository of biologically active compounds.

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vasaka review 2016-10-27

Middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion was performed in MBL-deficient (n= buy vasaka 85) and wild-type (WT; n=83) mice, and the brain lesion was assessed by MRI at days 1 and 7. Relative cerebral blood flow was monitored up to 6 hours after middle cerebral artery occlusion with laser speckle contrast imaging. Fibrin(ogen) was analyzed in the brain vasculature and plasma, and the effects of thrombin inhibitor argatroban were evaluated to assess the role of MBL in thrombin activation.

himalaya vasaka capsules 2016-09-29

Justicia simplex D. Don. belonging to the family of Acanthaceae has been traditionally used for treatment of rheumatism, inflammation and bronchitis. The plant is traditionally considered as an anticancer medicine and is used by healers of buy vasaka Karnataka to treat various types of cancers.

vasaka dosage 2016-03-25

In folk medicine, Adhatoda vasica Ness. (Acanthaceae) is used to treat asthma and cough. The leaves of A. vasica were powdered and extracted with hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol. The hexane extract showed 97 percent reduction in colony-forming units (CFU) at 100 microg/ml. The hexane extract was subjected to column chromatography. Two natural compounds, vasicine acetate and 2-acetyl benzylamine, were isolated from it. They were bioassayed against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The two compounds showed strong antimycobacterial activity. Vasicine acetate and 2-acetyl benzylamine isolated from hexane extract of A. vasica leaves, significantly inhibited M. tuberculosis and one multi buy vasaka -drug-resistant (MDR) strain and one sensitive strain at 200 and 50 microg/ml, respectively. Our study demonstrated that both the compounds, vasicine acetate and 2-acetyl benzylamine, could be evaluated further for developing a drug to control M. tuberculosis.

tulsi vasaka syrup 2017-06-01

A sensitive and accurate LC-ESI-MS/MS method was developed and validated of for the determination of 6'-hydroxy justicidin A (HJA), a potential antitumor active component isolated from Justicia procumbens in rat plasma using a simple liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) method for sample preparation. Chromatographic separation was achieved on an Agilent Zorbax-C(18) column (2.1 mm × 50 mm, 3.5 μm) using a step gradient program with the mobile phase of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution and acetonitrile with 0.1% formic acid. HJA and IS (buspirone) were detected using electrospray positive ionization mass spectrometry in the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode. This method demonstrated good linearity and did not show any endogenous interference with the active compound and IS peaks. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) of HJA was 0.50 ng/ml in 50 μl rat plasma. The developed and validated method has been successfully applied to the quantification and pharmacokinetic buy vasaka study of HJA in rats after intravenous and oral administration of 0.25 mg/kg HJA. The oral bioavailability (F) of HJA was estimated to be 36.0±13.4% with an elimination half-life (t(1/2)) value of 1.04±0.20 h.

m vasaka syrup 2017-08-26

Justicia spicigera is used for the empirical treatment of cervical cancer in Mexico. Recently, we showed that Justicia spicigera extracts exerted cytotoxic and antitumoral effects and the major component of this extract was kaempferitrin (KM). buy vasaka

vasaka ayurvedic medicine 2015-09-29

182 deaths were found [14.0/1000 person-years of follow-up (py); 95% confidence buy vasaka interval (CI):12.0-16.1/1000 py], 81.3% of them had a known cause of death. Mortality rate by HIV-related causes and non-HIV-related causes was the same (4.9/1000 py; CI:3.7-6.1/1000 py), external was lower [1.7/1000 py; (1.0-2.4/1000 py)].

vasaka syrup ip 2017-04-25

An observational study was conducted of all the traffic accident deaths registered in the Institute of Legal Medicine of Catalonia between January 1(st) 2005 and December 31(st) 2014. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS v. buy vasaka 18.0 statistical package. Comparisons of proportions were based on the χ(2) test.

vasaka himalaya drug 2015-03-23

Justicia hypocrateriformis extract possesses antidiarrheal activity supported buy vasaka by its antioxidant potential and phytochemical constituents.

himalaya vasaka review 2015-07-04

It is therefore reasonable to conclude that buy vasaka determination of cTnT by a highly sensitive assay in pericardial fluid can provide forensic pathologists with a complementary test to the diagnosis of cause of death.

vasaka syrup 2016-05-23

Ethno-botanical explorations with buy vasaka regard to the folk-lore medicine in Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu and Palghat district of Kerala for jaundice was carried out. Out of twenty remedies thus gathered two are found to be new reports and a few others have got interesting combination. The specimens are identified at Botanical Survey of India, Coimbatore and deposited in the Herbarium of Ethnobiology department of International Institute of Ayurveda, Coimbatore. Two newly reported plants for Jaundice namely Alysicarpus vaginalis DC. and Justicia tranquebariensis L. f, have been taken for phytochemical screening and pharmacological studies. The botanical name of the plant, local name, Sanskrit name and the part of the plant employed are given in table I.

vasaka cough syrup 2017-01-22

The ethno-medico-botanical information was collected from buy vasaka herbal healers and knowledgeable elder people residing in 15 randomly selected villages using semi-structured interviews. The data were subjected to informant consensus factor (ICF) and fidelity level (FL) analyses.

vasaka capsule 2016-09-14

A population database was generated from 118 unrelated Caucasoid individuals living in Spain. Sequence polymorphisms of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region, hypervariable regions I and II (HVRI and HVRII) were determined using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing. A total of 102 different sequences were found as defined by 105 variable positions. The most common sequence occurred six times, and this sequence is also the most frequent in other European populations such as Austria, Germany and Britain. The mean pair-wise difference for the two HVR regions taken together was 7.74. The study revealed that transitions made up the majority of the variations (88%), whereas we observed a significantly lower frequency of transversions (8%). Also one individual in this study was observed with two positions of heteroplasmy at nucleotides 150 (C/T) and 153 (G/A buy vasaka ). A statistical estimate of the results for this population showed a genetic diversity of 0.99. The probability of two random individuals showing identical mtDNA haplotypes is 1.3%. In order to use the mtDNA analysis in forensic casework, we consider that it is of crucial importance to know the frequency of the different sequences of mtDNA, and this data base study could be a useful tool to statistically evaluate the results.

himalaya vasaka online 2017-07-21

Tuberculosis (TB) is known to mankind as one of the most pervasive and persistent of diseases since the early days of civilization. The growing resistance of the causative pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis to the standard drug regimen for TB poses further difficulty in its treatment and control. Screening of novel plant-derived compounds with promising anti-tubercular activity has been cited as a prospective route for new anti-tubercular drug discovery and design. Justicia adhatoda L. is a perennial evergreen shrub which is widely mentioned in scientific literature on account of its potent anti-mycobacterial properties. In the present study, we have employed a series of computational methodologies to reveal the probable molecular interactions of vasicine, the principal alkaloid of Justicia adhatoda L., and buy vasaka two of its close natural derivatives- vasicinone and deoxyvasicine, with certain biological targets in M. tuberculosis. Targets were identified from literature and through a reverse Pharmacophore-based approach. Subsequent comparative molecular docking to identify the best ligand-target interactions revealed Antigen 85C of M. tuberculosis as the most potent biological target of vasicine on the basis of optimum molecular docking values. A chemogenomics approach was also employed to validate the molecular interactions between the same class of chemical compounds as vasicine and Antigen 85C. Further, a library of structural analogs of vasicine was created by bioiosterism-based drug design to identify structural analogs with better inhibitory potential against Antigen 85C.

vasaka tablets 2015-08-08

The present study confirms the notion of selecting endophytic fungi of medicinal plant Justicia for the bioassay- buy vasaka guided isolation of its bioactive compounds, and demonstrates that endophytic fungus Chaetomium sp. NF15 could be a potential source of bioactive metabolites.

vasaka herbal medicine 2017-05-30

Lignans, which are recognized as main constituents in Justicia procumbens, have attracted considerable attention due to their pharmacological activities, including antitumor, anti-hepatitic, cytotoxic, anti-microbial, and anti-virus properties. Preparative high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) was successfully applied to the isolation and purification of four lignans (justicidin B (1), justicidin A (2), 6'-hydroxyjusticidin C (3) and lignan J1 (4)) from J. procumbens using stepwise elution with a pair of two-phase solvent systems composed of n-hexane-ethyl acetate-methanol-water at (1.3:1:1.3:1, v/v) and ( Nexium Standard Dose 2.5:1:2.5:1, v/v). The preparative HSCCC separation was performed on 300 mg of crude sample yielding compounds 1 (19.7 mg), 2 (9.86 mg), 3 (11.26 mg), and 4 (2.54 mg) in a one-step separation, with purities over 95% as determined by HPLC. The structures of these compounds were identified by MS, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR. This is the first report on the application of HSCCC to the efficient separation of lignans from J. procumbens.

vasaka drug 2015-04-28

Acute stroke induces a local inflammatory reaction causing leukocyte infiltration. Circulating monocytes are recruited to the ischemic brain and become tissue macrophages morphologically indistinguishable from reactive microglia. However, monocytes are a heterogeneous population of cells with different functions. Herein, we investigated the infiltration and fate of the Duphaston Tab Dosage monocyte subsets in a mouse model of focal brain ischemia by permanent occlusion of the distal portion of the middle cerebral artery. We separated two main subtypes of CD11b(hi) monocytes according to their expression of the surface markers Ly6C and CD43. Using adoptive transfer of reporter monocytes and monocyte depletion, we identified the pro-inflammatory Ly6C(hi)CD43(lo)CCR2(+) subset as the predominant monocytes recruited to the ischemic tissue. Monocytes were seen in the leptomeninges from where they entered the cortex along the penetrating arterioles. Four days post-ischemia, they had invaded the infarcted core, where they were often located adjacent to blood vessels. At this time, Iba-1(-) and Iba-1(+) cells in the ischemic tissue incorporated BrdU, but BrdU incorporation was rare in the reporter monocytes. The monocyte phenotype progressively changed by down-regulating Ly6C, up-regulating F4/80, expressing low or intermediate levels of Iba-1, and developing macrophage morphology. Moreover, monocytes progressively acquired the expression of typical markers of alternatively activated macrophages, like arginase-1 and YM-1. Collectively, the results show that stroke mobilized immature pro-inflammatory Ly6C(hi)CD43(lo) monocytes that acutely infiltrated the ischemic tissue reaching the core of the lesion. Monocytes differentiated to macrophages with features of alternative activation suggesting possible roles in tissue repair during the sub-acute phase of stroke.

vasaka review 2015-08-19

The cytotoxic and apoptotic effect of KM Mysoline Cost on human cancer cells and human nontumorigenic cells were evaluated using MTT and TUNEL assays, and Annexin V/Propidium iodide detection by flow cytometry. The effect of KM on cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry with propidium iodide. The apoptotic and cell cycle effects were also evaluated by western blot analysis. Also, different doses of KM were injected intraperitoneally daily into athymic mice bearing tumors of HeLa cells during 32 days. The growth and weight of tumors were measured.

himalaya vasaka capsules 2015-03-23

The analysis takes into account all suicide deaths that occurred in the Tarragona Area of the Catalan Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences (TA-CILMFS) between 2004 and 2012. Evista 20 Mg The sources of information were the death data files of the Catalan Mortality Register, as well as the Autopsies Files of the TA-CILMFS. Suicide rates and socio-demographic profiles were statistically compared between the suicide initially reported and the final one.

vasaka dosage 2015-09-28

Prevention methods to avoid transmission of pathogens, including HIV, are crucial in the control of infectious diseases, not only to block epidemic spread but to avoid long-term treatments leading to emergence of resistances and drug associated side effects. Together with vaccine development, the discovery of new virucidal agents represents a research priority in this setting. In the screening of new compounds with antiviral activity, three Guatemalan plant extracts from Justicia reptans, Neurolaena lobata and Pouteria viridis were evaluated Topamax Generic with a classic antiviral assay and were found to inhibit HIV replication. This activity was corroborated by an original recombinant virus assay, leading us to perform a deeper study of the virucidal activity. Active fractions were non-toxic in vitro and also inhibited other enveloped viruses. Moreover, these fractions were able to inhibit the transfer of HIV from dendritic cells (DCs) to lymphocytes, that represents the main way of HIV spread in vivo.

tulsi vasaka syrup 2016-09-28

The fragmentations of the studied [M-H](-) ions of C-glycosides were shown to be cross-ring cleavages of the glycoside moiety [M-H-(60/90/120)](-) whereas O-glycosides were shown to eliminate the sugar moiety (Y0 (-) or [Y0 -H](-) ) from the aglycone unit; 6-C-glycosides exhibited [M-H-18](-) , a characteristic ion, and also a higher abundance of (0,3) X6 or 8 ions in comparison to 8-C glycosides; flavonoid 6,8-di-C-glycosides Voltaren 150 Mg exhibited cross-ring cleavages of the sugar attached to the C-6 position preferentially.

m vasaka syrup 2016-12-02

La bioética en investigación es una parte imprescindible del proceso de revisión estructurada de un artículo y se basa en tres principios fundamentales: el respeto a las personas, la beneficencia y la justicia. Además de no aportar conocimientos válidos, una investigación cuyo diseño, ejecución y análisis estadístico son inadecuados tampoco es ética, porque las deficiencias en su metodología aportarán información que no será útil y, por lo tanto, los riesgos a los que se expuso a los participantes habrán sido en vano. Más allá de la validez científica, existen otros aspectos que delinean si una investigación es ética, como el valor clínico y social de un estudio, la selección justa de los participantes, el balance riesgo-beneficio favorable, la revisión independiente, el consentimiento informado y el respeto a los Abilify Medication Cost participantes y potenciales participantes. A lo largo del artículo que aquí se presenta también se discuten los documentos que perfilan el comportamiento de los investigadores para proteger a los participantes, como la Declaración de Helsinki, la reglamentación nacional que nos rige y las diferencias entre investigaciones sin riesgo, con riesgo mínimo y con riesgo mayor al mínimo. Al igual que en la vida diaria, el comportamiento en los estudios de investigación con humanos debe ser autorregulado, es decir, que las personas con conocimiento de la ley descubran que el hombre se encuentra fuera del ámbito de la naturaleza donde se obra bajo la necesidad de la causalidad natural, y se inscribe dentro del ámbito de la voluntad; solo si el hombre es libre de decidir su actuar puede existir una ley que regule su acción.

vasaka ayurvedic medicine 2016-01-06

The native prisoners had HIV to a greater extent than the immigrants, the Diovan Pills use of injected drugs, more common among the natives, bearing an influence on this aspect. As regards the immigrants, the high degree of illegal residence and the absence of a stable core family comprise indicators of a situation of being socially disadvantaged.