Generic Uroxatral is used for treating symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men with an enlarged prostate. It may also be used for certain conditions.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Alfuzosin.
Generic Uroxatral is an alpha-blocker. It works by blocking receptors in the lower urinary tract, causing smooth muscles in the bladder neck and prostate to relax. This relaxation improves urine flow and reduces the symptoms of BPH.
Generic name of Generic Uroxatral is Alfuzosin.
Brand name of Generic Uroxatral is Uroxatral.
Take Generic Uroxatral by mouth with food. Take with meal every day.
Swallow Generic Uroxatral whole. Do not break, crush, or chew before swallowing.
Take Generic Uroxatral on a regular schedule to get the most benefit from it.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Uroxatral suddenly.
If you overdose Generic Uroxatral and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.
The most common side effects associated with Uroxatral are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you are allergic to Generic Uroxatral components.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Generic Uroxatral can harm your baby.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you have moderate to severe liver disease.
Do not take Generic Uroxatral if you are taking an alpha-blocker (e.g., prazosin), an azole antifungal (e.g., ketoconazole), or an HIV protease inhibitor (eg, ritonavir).
Sit up or stand slowly, especially in the morning.
Avoid situations in which injury could occur due to fainting.
Keep Generic Uroxatral away from children and don't give it to other people for using.
Do not stop taking Generic Uroxatral suddenly.
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A total of 788 surveys were returned (437 UROs; 351 PCPs). Only 62% of PCPs were aware of and only 41% of PCPs used the AUA-Symptom Index/International Prostate Symptom Score (AUA-SI/IPSS) to assess LUTS compared with 97% and 81% of UROs respectively. Alpha-blocker monotherapy was the treatment of choice for both UROs and PCPs. Compared with UROs, PCPs reported higher rates of SD in association with LUTS or BPH (37% vs. 27%) and BPH pharmacotherapy (27% vs. 21%). UROs and PCPs reported higher rates of SD side effects [ejaculatory dysfunction (EjD) and erectile dysfunction (ED)] for tamsulosin (EjD: UROs 22%, PCPs 12%; ED: UROs 7%, PCPs 10%) and doxazosin (EjD: UROs 14%, PCPs 10%; ED: UROs 7%, PCPs 12%) than for alfuzosin (EjD: UROs 6%, PCPs 4%; ED: UROs 4%, PCPs 5%).
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This study shows that alfuzosin 10mg is well tolerated by young healthy subjects and may therefore be safely administered to young normotensive patients affected by distal ureteral stones and prostatitis.
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An English literature search of MEDLINE, PubMed and proceedings from scientific meetings from 1974 to 2004 was done. Search terms included benign prostatic hyperplasia, alfuzosin, treatment, alpha(1)-adrenergic receptor blocker, long-term, followup, lower urinary tract symptoms, complications or adverse events, sexual, retention and cardiovascular.
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To evaluate a computerized method of artifact detection and correction of uroflow and compare the quantitative assessment of maximum flow obtained by the computer with visual correction by experts.
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The included studies were randomized controlled trials involving men with symptomatic BPH treated with alfuzosin versus placebo or active control for at least 4 weeks.
Alfuzosin 10 mg administered for 2 years in real practice is effective in improving LUTS and quality of life, and is well tolerated from a cardiovascular perspective, including in elderly men and those receiving antihypertensive co-medication. Ejaculatory disorders are uncommon. Alfuzosin may even slightly improve various domains of sexual function, such as sexual drive, erection, ejaculation and satisfaction with sexual life.
Correct evauation before surgery is necessary in order to anticipate the condition as its frequency and severity can be reduced by a proactive behavior which demands experience and adequate endowment.
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When coagulation tests were evaluated, there were significant increases in bleeding and coagulation times in the groups using doxazosin and terazosin. Doxazosin and terazosin lowered arterial blood pressure significantly compared with other treatments. With regard to effects on endothelial function, there were significant differences in flow-mediated dilation rates of the brachial artery at 60 and 90 seconds before and during treatment in the alfuzosin and terazosin groups.
The Triumph project aims to document the current management of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in general practice and to assess the effectiveness of the initial treatment options used. The first phase of the project will consider existing data sources in primary care. A patient's medical record will contain most, if not all, clinically relevant information, and databases combining the records from a network of computerised general practices can provide longitudinal data for complete populations, linking prescribing records to clinical information on disease progression and outcomes for individual patients. Database research can provide rapid information and offers the ability to conduct studies on a scale that would previously have been prohibited by both time and expense. Within the Triumph project, the THALES, General Practice Research Database (GPRD) and Integrated Primary Care Information (IPCI) databases are, or will be, used to examine the current management of LUTS/BPH in France, the UK and the Netherlands respectively. Preliminary results from the UK General Practice Research Database (GPRD) showed that LUTS/BPH incidence increased linearly from the ages of 45 to 85 years (r(2) = 0.992) and prevalence increased from 3.5% to 35% for men in their late 40s and 80s respectively. With treatment failure defined as a change to another medical therapy, catheterisation or prostatic surgery, and accounting for age and year variation, patients receiving the older alpha(1)-blockers (indoramin and prazosin) appeared to fail significantly earlier than those receiving finasteride. There was no significant difference between finasteride and the newer alpha(1)-blockers (tamsulosin, alfuzosin, terazosin and doxazosin). Patterns of changes between products from the THALES database in France were broadly similar to those seen in the UK.
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Between February 1992 and June 1998, 163 patients with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of bladder outlet obstruction were treated with alfuzosin (60), terazosin (66) and tamsulosin (37). Patients were evaluated with urodynamic studies, including pressure flow analysis, before treatment and after 6 months of therapy. Initially, all patients were also assessed by the International Prostate Symptom Score questionnaire and measurement of urinary flow rate.
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To evaluate the effect of alfuzosin in improving symptoms in, and quality of life of, patients with indwelling double-J ureteral stents.
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Patients included in the study were grouped as follows: 16 patients treated with tamsulosin (Group 1), 14 patients treated with alfuzosin (Group 2) and 18 untreated controls (Group 3).
This article reviews current information on the role of alpha(1)-blockers in the treatment of BPH-related LUTS. The focus is on tamsulosin and alfuzosin, newer "uroselective" agents in this class that have a decreased potential for cardiovascular adverse effects.
To evaluate and compare the efficacy of tamsulosin and alfuzosin as medical expulsive therapy for ureteric stones.
An 80-year-old man was evaluated because of jaundice and pruritus. He was diagnosed as having Child-Pugh A chronic liver disease due to hepatitis B virus. Other etiologies of hepatitis were appropriately ruled out, and the hepatitis B was non-replicative. Therefore, elevated liver enzyme levels were ascribed to alfuzosin treatment.
This article reviews the natural history of enlarged prostate and the data supporting management of this condition with alpha-blocker and 5ARI therapy, either as monotherapy or combination therapy, for symptomatic relief and a reduction in long-term disease progression.
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Three hundred and fifty-two patients were included, 194 of whom presented with sialolithiasis fragmented by extracorporeal lithotripsy (112 parotidic and 82 submandibular). Sixty-nine presented with ductal stenosis, and 89 with allergic pseudo-parotitis. This retrospective study lasted 3 years (January 2005 to January 2008) with a mean follow-up of 33 months (18 months to 4 years). Male patients were given 2.5mg tid of the alpha-blocker Alfuzosin and female patients 2.5mg bid for 3 to 24 months. After 6 months and up to 2 years of treatment, patients were assessed every 3 months by US and with a questionnaire on symptoms.
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The use of alfuzosin and nifedipine as a medical expulsive therapy for distal ureteric stones proved to be safe and effective in term of increased stone-expulsion rate, reduced pain attacks and decrease hospital re-admissions.
A systematic literature search of MEDLINE, the Cochrane Database and the Food and Drug Administration Web site through December 2006 identified double-blinded, prospective, placebo-controlled trials, evaluating agents commercially available by prescription for the symptomatic treatment of BPH.
A total of 159 men (≥50 years of age) with lower urinary tract symptoms resulting from benign prostatic hyperplasia were analyzed. We assigned patients to groups according to their sympathetic activity, which was evaluated by heart ratevariability measurements. HSA was defined as a low frequency/high frequency ratio greater than 1.6. All patients received 10mg of alfuzosin once a day for 12 weeks. The primary end point was a change in the total International Prostate SymptomScore (IPSS) at 12 weeks from baseline.
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PurposeTo evaluate risk factors for intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) in patients undergoing phacoemulsification.MethodsParticipants in the study were 1274 consecutive patients, who underwent routine phacoemulsification cataract surgery. The following data were recorded and evaluated as possible risk factors: ophthalmological conditions, axial length of the eye, sociodemographic features, clinical data (hypertension and diabetes mellitus), medications being taken at the time of surgery, and duration of their intake. Cases were characterized intraoperatively as IFIS and non-IFIS. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed.ResultsIFIS was observed in 63/1274 eyes (4.9%, 95% CI: 3.9-6.7%). Current use of tamsulosin, alfuzosin, terazosin, benzodiazepines, quetiapine, and finasteride, as well as hypertension, were all independently associated with IFIS. Significant associations were noted for male sex, rivastigmine, and short axial length, which did not reach significance at the multivariate analysis. Duration of α-blockers intake was not found to be associated with IFIS.ConclusionApart from the well-established associations with α-blockers, this prospective study points to benzodiazepines, quetiapine, finasteride, and hypertension as potential risk factors for IFIS. Short axial length and rivastigmine were significantly associated with IFIS only at the univariate analysis.
Transdermal drug delivery has attracted much attention as an alternative to intravenous and oral methods of delivery. But the main barrier is stratum corneum. Terpenes classes of chemical enhancers are used in transdermal formulations for facilitating penetration of drugs. The aim of the study is to evaluate terpenes as skin penetration enhancers and correlate its relationship with permeation and lipophilicity. In this study, alfuzosin hydrochloride (AH) hydrogels were prepared with terpenes using Taguchi orthogonal array experimental design. The formulations contained one of eight terpenes, based on their lipophilicity (log P 2.13-5.36). The percutaneous permeation was studied in rat skin using diffusion cell technique. Flux, cumulative amount, lag time and skin content of AH were measured over 24 hours and compared with control gels. Nerolidol with highest lipophilicity (log P 5.36 ± 0.38) showed highest cumulative amount (Q(24)) of 647.29 ± 18.76 μg/cm(2) and fluxrateof 28.16 ± 0.64 μg/cm(2)/hour. It showed decreased lag time of 0.76 ± 0.15 hours. Fenchone (2.5%) (log P 2.13 ± 0.30) produced the longest lag time 4.8 ± 0.20 hours. The rank order of enhancement effect was shown as nerolidol > farnesol > limonene > linalool > geraniol > carvone > fenchone > menthol. Lowest skin content was seen with carvone. Increase in lipophilicity of terpenes showed increase in flux, cumulative amount (Q(24)), and enhancement ratio which was significant with P < 0.000. But lag time was decreased and no correlation was found between lipophilicity and skin content. Histological studies showed changes in dermis which can be attributed to disruption of lipid packing of stratum corneum due to effect of nerolidol within lipid lamellae. It was found that small alcoholic terpenes with high degree of unsaturation enhance permeation of hydrophilic drugs, liquid terpenes enhance better than solid terpenes and terpenes with high lipophilicity are good penetration enhancers.
We reviewed the files of 316 patients with lower urinary tract symptoms treated at our department with the alpha-blockers terazosin, alfuzosin or tamsulosin. Using followup data up to 3 years, we calculated re-treatment percentages in each treatment group. Using extended followup of 5 years, we calculated the predictive value of various baseline characteristics for re-treatment.
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Acute urinary retention (AUR) is a common complication of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and the incidence varies widely from 0.4 to 25% per year in men seen in urology practices. It has been estimated that AUR is the indication for surgery in around 25-30% of patients undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and that emergency TURP for AUR is associated with greater morbidity than elective TURP. Risk factors for AUR include lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), depressed peak urinary flow rate, enlarged prostate, high postvoid residual (PVR) urine and old age. Alfuzosin has been shown to significantly increase maximum flow rate and relieve bladder outlet obstruction, resulting in a reduction in PVR urine. A pooled analysis of 11 placebo-controlled studies involving 1,470 patients with LUTS suggestive of BPH indicates that significantly greater improvements were observed in patients treated with alfuzosin than with placebo. A 6-month placebo controlled study of 518 patients reported a 0.4% incidence of AUR in the alfuzosin group compared with a 2.4% incidence with placebo (p = 0.04). These positive effects on PVR could be related to the reduction in incidence of AUR seen in alfuzosin-treated patients.
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Alfuzosin (UroXatral, Sanofi-Synthelabo) a quinazoline derivative, has well-documented alpha(1)-adrenoreceptor antagonist activity. These receptors are present in the smooth muscle located at the bladder base, proximal urethra, prostate and prostatic capsule as well as in vascular and nervous systems. Consequently, alfuzosin has the ability to reduce the tone of these areas, effectively decreasing bladder outlet resistance. A sustained-release formulation of alfuzosin is currently available in Europe and is FDA-approved in the US. The confirmed efficacy, proven bioavailability and good cardiovascular safety profile support the use of this drug for the management of lower urinary tract symptoms secondary to benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). These findings have been confirmed in a large cohort of patients treated in general practice. Additionally, treatment with alfuzosin has demonstrated a favourable impact on quality of life of patients with BPH.
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An open non-comparative multicenter study-observation according the program involving 190 patients (mean age--62.3 +/- 9.7 years) with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and severe urination disorders was performed. All of the patients received alfuzosin (dalfaz SR) 10 mg daily for 12 months. The primary criterion for evaluation of treatment effectiveness was the change of the total IPSS score. As secondary criteria, change of QoL score, total number of urination per day and subjective patient's satisfaction with the treatment results were registered. Safety was assessed by recording the adverse events. The treatment led to the progressive decrease in the total IPSS score--from 16.4 +/- 4.8 at baseline to 7.7 +/- 2.6 at the final visit (P < 0.001). The average QoL score has decreased by 67% - from 3.9 +/- 1.1 to 1.3 +/- 0.7 at the end of the study (P < 0.001). In general, 94.2% of respondents positively assessed the results of treatment. The frequency of urination at night has decreased by 56%. Adverse effects (dizziness and slight fatigue) were recorded only in 1 (0.5%) patient. The present study has demonstrated a high efficacy and a favorable safety profile of dalfaz SR at a dose of 10 mg in the treatment of patients with BPH. Of particular note is the high proportion of patients who continued to receive the drug for 12 months, showing a good tolerability ofdalfaz SR and high treatment compliance.
This study confirms that the clinical uro-selectivity of SR-alfuzosin, already described in ran-domized controlled studies, is not significantly affected in clinical practice by the age of the patients. This is considered particularly relevant to the characteristics of patients with BPH, as they are mostly elderly men.
Treatment with alfuzosin 10 mg once daily before and after a successful TWOC has both clinical and economic benefits. It decreases the need for emergency surgery for BPH and reduces treatment costs in the first 6 months.
A 10-mg prolonged-release alfuzosin safely and rapidly relieves LUTS and maintains improvement. It also improves BPH-associated sexual dysfunction.
Stone-expulsion was observed in 60%, 85.7% and 20% patients in Group I, II and III respectively. A statistically significant difference was noted in between Groups I versus III, Groups II versus III and Groups I versus II (P < 0.0001, P < 0.0001, and P < 0.0315 respectively). The mean number of pain attacks was 2.91 ± 1.01 for Group I, 1.8 ± 0.83 for Group II, and 2.82 ± 1.12 for Group III, which is statistical significant in Groups II versus III, and Groups I versus II (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001). Hospital re-admission rate was less in treatment groups when compare to control group (P < 0.0001).
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