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Prospective follow-up evaluation of the ARDS Clinical Trials Network Statins for Acutely Injured Lungs from Sepsis trial of rosuvastatin versus placebo in 568 mechanically ventilated patients with sepsis-associated ARDS, with blinded 6-month outcome assessment performed in the 272 eligible survivors for age-adjusted and sex-adjusted 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) physical function and mental health domains, and in 84 eligible survivors for the 6 min walk test, along with secondary outcomes evaluations of survival, and additional patient-reported and performance-based measures at 6-month and 12-month follow-up.
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Simultaneous and spontaneous bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture is an uncommon injury that is usually seen in association with multiple medical conditions and some medications. We report a case of simultaneous and spontaneous bilateral quadriceps tendon rupture that may be related to the long-term use of a statin.
These data show that the use of rosuvastatin plus a standard HF therapy results in a significant additional improvement in HF and cardiac remodelling in a rat model of HFpEF. These beneficial effects were independent of BP and plasma lipid changes, and seem to be due, at least in part, to decreased myocardial inflammation.
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To compare the cost-effectiveness of rosuvastatin 10 mg and atorvastatin 10 mg in lowering LDL-C and achieving guideline goals after 12 weeks of treatment. The LDL-C goals were those recommended by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP ATP) III and the Third Joint European Task Force.
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This study shows that gene expression analysis together with bioinformatics pathway analysis has the potential to help predict and identify drug combination-specific complementary and side effects.
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Although the difference in PCSK9 between 2 groups was transient, that in both campesterol and lathosterol persisted until 52 weeks. These results demonstrated simultaneous inhibition of cholesterol absorption and synthesis provides stable and greater decrease in LDL-C levels.
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This prospective, open-label pilot study was conducted in consecutively referred male and female patients aged 38 to 80 years with primary high LDL-C (mean, 177 mg/dL) at The Cholesterol Center, Jewish Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio. Patients were instructed in the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) therapeutic lifestyle changes diet. Rosuvastatin 5 mg/d was administered to patients categorized by NCEP ATP III risk stratification as moderately high risk, and rosuvastatin 10 mg/d was administered to patients categorized as high or very high risk. End points included acceptability (assessed using patient-initiated discontinuation of rosuvastatin), effectiveness (absolute and percentage reductions in LDL-C and triglycerides), and safety profile (aspartate and alanine aminotransferases [AST and ALT, respectively] >3 times the laboratory upper limit of normal [xULN] or elevations in creatine kinase [CK]>10xULN).
In patients with mild to moderate aortic stenosis due to a BAV, the presence of Type I valve orientation was associated with significantly greater aortic root parameters compared to Type II valve orientation.
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The incremental prognostic value of high-sensitive troponin T (hs-cTnT) in heart failure (HF) beyond that of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and amino-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide is debated. We examined the prognostic value of hs-cTnT in a subgroup of patients from the Controlled Rosuvastatin Multinational Trial in HF (CORONA) study.
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The purpose of this study is to compare the cost-effectiveness of the most commonly prescribed statins in Canada with respect to 1) lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level (LDL-C) and 2) achieving National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) LDL-C goal.
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Our data documented leukocyte recruitment prior to lipid accumulation and subsequent inhibition by rosuvastatin. The underlying mechanism seemed to involve oxidative stress and an anti-inflammatory effect on the endothelium of atheroprone vessels.
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In a prospective pharmacokinetic drug interaction study, six HIV-seronegative, healthy adult volunteers received single 10-mg doses of RSV at baseline and after 6 days of ATV/RTV and FPV/RTV, with 6-day washout periods. Plasma concentrations of RSV and its metabolites, N-desmethyl-RSV and RSV-lactone, were measured by using a internally validated tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) method over 24 hours.
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The healthy endothelium plays a key roll in vascular regulation. This function can be examined non-invasively by use of B-mode ultrasound on the brachial artery. The aim of this study was to measure the effect of low-dose and high-dose lipid-lowering treatment with rosuvastatin on the endothelial function evaluated with endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent flow-mediated dilatation (FMD).
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With cardiovascular disease being the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, cholesterol-lowering medications have become a prominent focus of medical management and cardiovascular risk reduction, including the use of statins making them the most widely prescribed class of medications in the United States and are the cornerstone of management of hyperlipidemia. This case report describes a 29-year-old female with probable familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) who had allergic reactions to statin therapy on two separate occasions. She required statin therapy based on her elevated carotid intima media thickness test, historic LDL-C ≥ 190 mg/dL, elevated Lp(a), and family history significant for premature coronary heart disease. In this report, we document a case of successful oral desensitization to rosuvastatin and propose a replicable statin desensitization protocol.
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Vascular lesion development initiated by endothelial cell damage is moderated by bone marrow-derived progenitor cells. 3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibition promotes bone marrow-dependent reendothelialization and diminishes vascular lesion development. These findings may help to establish novel pathophysiological concepts and therapeutic strategies in the treatment of various cardiovascular diseases.
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The trial was flawed. It was discontinued (according to prespecified rules) after fewer than 2 years of follow-up, with no differences between the 2 groups on the most objective criteria. Clinical data showed a major discrepancy between significant reduction of nonfatal stroke and myocardial infarction but no effect on mortality from stroke and myocardial infarction. Cardiovascular mortality was surprisingly low compared with total mortality-between 5% and 18%-whereas the expected rate would have been close to 40%. Finally, there was a very low case-fatality rate of myocardial infarction, far from the expected number of close to 50%. The possibility that bias entered the trial is particularly concerning because of the strong commercial interest in the study.
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One hundred sixty candidate single-nucleotide polymorphisms for effects on circulating lipid levels or statin-induced LDL-cholesterol lowering were tested for association with response of LDL subfractions and non-HDL-C to rosuvastatin or placebo for 1 year among 7046 participants from the Justification for Use of Statins in Prevention: an Intervention Trial Evaluating Rosuvastatin (JUPITER) trial. Of the 51 single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with statin response for ≥ 1 of the LDL subfractions or non-HDL-C, 20 single-nucleotide polymorphisms could be clustered according to effects predominantly on LDL particle size, predominantly on LDL particle number, and on apolipoprotein B but not on LDL cholesterol or non-HDL-C.
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Serial intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) was used to compare the effects of moderate doses of rosuvastatin and atorvastatin on plaque regression in patients with intermediate coronary stenosis.
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One hundred and four patients with ACS were recruited and randomly assigned into two groups: one was statin group (n = 52), given atorvastatin (20 mg QN) or other statins with equivalent dosages; the other was combination group (n = 52), given the same dose of statin plus bezafibrate (200 mg BID). Follow-up visits were scheduled at the end of 6 and 12 weeks post treatment. Serum apoA5 levels were determined using a commercial available ELISA kit.
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INVESTIGATIONAL PRODUCT: Rosuvastatin (Crestor; Astra Zeneca).
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The combination of ezetimibe and rosuvastatin apparently diminishes lipid levels and plaque burden and improves plaque stability, which may be associated with the potent inhibitory effects of ezetimibe and rosuvastatin on inflammatory cytokines.
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The constellation of risk factors known as the metabolic syndrome increases the risk of coronary artery disease at any low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level. We performed an exploratory analysis of data from 5 trials to study the effects of rosuvastatin 10 mg on lipid levels and ratios in hypercholesterolemic patients (LDL cholesterol > or =160 mg/dL and <250 mg/dL) who met a modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) definition of the metabolic syndrome. Of 580 patients completing 12 weeks of treatment with rosuvastatin 10 mg, 194 (33%) met the definition of the metabolic syndrome by exhibiting > or =3 of the following: body mass index >30; triglycerides > or =150 mg/dL; high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol <40 mg/dL in men and <50 mg/dL in women; blood pressure > or =130/> or =85 mm Hg or receiving current medication for hypertension; and fasting blood glucose > or =110 mg/dL. Patients with the metabolic syndrome had higher triglyceride, non-HDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein B, and lipid ratios, and lower HDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-I levels, at baseline compared with patients without the metabolic syndrome. In patients with the metabolic syndrome, rosuvastatin 10 mg improved LDL cholesterol (-47%), non-HDL cholesterol (-43%), non-HDL cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio (-47%), apolipoprotein B (-37%), apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A-I ratio (-40%), triglycerides (-23%), apolipoprotein A-I (+7%), and HDL cholesterol (+10%)-in a manner similar to that in hypercholesterolemic patients who did not meet these criteria. Among patients who met the metabolic syndrome criteria and who had triglycerides > or =200 mg/dL, 64% met their ATP III non-HDL goals.
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This study aimed to evaluate the 1-year efficacy and safety of rosuvastatin in combination with fenofibric acid in a subgroup of patients treated for 12 weeks with rosuvastatin 10 mg + fenofibric acid 135 mg and subsequently treated for up to 52 weeks with rosuvastatin 20 mg + fenofibric acid 135 mg.
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The relaxant effect of the methyl ester of rosuvastatin was evaluated on aortic rings from male Wistar rats (250-300 g, 6 rats for each experimental group) with and without endothelium precontracted with 1.0 µM phenylephrine. The methyl ester presented a slightly greater potency than rosuvastatin in relaxing aortic rings, with log IC50 values of -6.88 and -6.07 M, respectively. Unlike rosuvastatin, the effect of its methyl ester was endothelium-independent. Pretreatment with 10 µM indomethacin did not inhibit, and pretreatment with 1 mM mevalonate only modestly inhibited the relaxant effect of the methyl ester. Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 10 µM), the selective nitric oxide-2 (NO-2) inhibitor 1400 W (10 µM), tetraethylammonium (TEA, 10 mM), and cycloheximide (10 µM) partially inhibited the relaxant effect of the methyl ester on endothelium-denuded aortic rings. However, the combination of TEA plus either L-NAME or cycloheximide completely inhibited the relaxant effect. Inducible NO synthase (NOS-2) was only present in endothelium-denuded aortic rings, as demonstrated by immunoblot with methyl ester-treated rings. In conclusion, whereas rosuvastatin was associated with a relaxant effect dependent on endothelium and hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase in rat aorta, the methyl ester of rosuvastatin exhibited an endothelium-independent and only slightly hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase-dependent relaxant effect. Both NO produced by NOS-2 and K+ channels are involved in the relaxant effect of the methyl ester of rosuvastatin.
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This paper contains detailed results of a sub-population of the prospective randomized RADAR (Rosuvastatin and Atorvastatin in different Dosages And Reverse cholesterol transport) study.
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The results showed that LVEDP, CVF, and P-p38 MAPK expression were drastically elevated in the four MI groups in comparison to the sham-operated group (p<0.001). Rosuvastatin elevated the left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Both rosuvastatin and torasemide improved the haemodynamic parameters. No significant difference was detected in LVEDP between the R group and the T1 group (p=0.37). In contrast, LVEDP was significantly higher in the R group than in the T2 group (p <0.05). CVF (%) was markedly decreased in the R group compared to the C, T1, and T2 groups (decreased by 47.4%, 28%, and 20.1%, respectively). Immunohistochemical analysis showed that the indices of P-p38 MAPK positive cells were significantly decreased in the R group in comparison with the C, T1, and T2 groups (decreased by 44.6%, 36.6%, and 21.4%, respectively). Western blot analysis demonstrated that P-p38 MAPK expression was markedly reduced in the R group compared with the C and T1 groups (reduced by 67% and 40.5%, respectively). The level of P-p38 MAPK in the R group was slightly higher than in the T2 group. However, the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05).